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A Longitudinal, Geographical, And Descriptive Analysis Of Political Contributions Of Plastic Surgeons
Michael Wells, BEng, MEng1, Irene A. Chang, BA1, James R. Gatherwright, MD2.
1Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA, 2Cleveland Clinic Akron General, Akron, OH, USA.

Background Political contributions from healthcare providers are essential to shaping healthcare policy and allow physicians to expand their influence on a national level. Political Action Committees in particular provide a useful avenue for unifying contributions for the interest of a specific community. This study examined the geographical distribution, temporal pattern, and overall nature of the political contributions made by plastic surgeons. Methods The Federal Election Commission was analyzed for political contributions made by plastic surgeons from 2003-2021 using the search terms "plastic surgeon", "microsurgeon", and "craniofacial" as well as physician contributions to PlastyPAC. Contributions were categorized based on political parties (Democratic, Republican, and independent parties), and further analyzed based on state distribution and year of contribution. Spatial distribution data was then visualized using heatmaps for each state. Results The total sum of contributions between 2003 and 2021 from plastic surgeons was $5,306,605, with $1,737,178.51 for the Republican party, $962,773.26 for the Democratic party, and $2,604,149.86 for independent parties. Political funding of PlastyPAC consisted of 47.3% of the overall political contributions. There was no significant trend through the years in the overall contribution amount. The states with the most political contributions were California, New York, Florida, and Texas.Conclusion The temporal stagnation of total political contributions and decline in recent PlastyPAC funding from plastic surgeons support an increased political awareness for new plastic surgeons.


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