The Role Of TrkA And P75NTR NGF Receptors In Corneal Wound Healing
Kiana Tajdaran, MD/ MASc1, Konstantin Feinberg, PhD1, Seyed K. Mirmoeini, MD/MASc1, jennifer Zhang, MD/PhD1, Tessa Gordon, PhD1, Asim Ali, MD1, Gregory Borschel, MD2.
1The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada, 2Indiana school of medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
Purpose: The cornea is the window through which we see the world and is one of the most densely innervated structures in the body. Besides providing protective sensory input, corneal nerves may also stimulate limbal stem cells (LSCs), governing corneal epithelial maintenance and recovery. Loss of corneal innervation, through injury, diabetes, tumors, infections, and even improper contact lens use, leads to neurotrophic keratopathy (NK), a degenerative corneal disease that is characterized by corneal epithelial breakdown, scarring, and permanent vision loss1. The only non-invasive treatment option for NK is human recombinant nerve growth factor (rhNGF), but the short half-life of exogenous neurotrophins-based therapies limits their effecacy2. Development of small molecule ligands for neurotrophin receptors that have more favorable pharmacokinetics and plasma stability showed promising results in the treatment of several neurodegenerative conditions in recent years3. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of NK and the role of the NGF receptors, TrkA and p75NTR, in corneal healing. We hypothesized that TrkA inhibition would delay corneal wound healing and p75NTR inhibition would accelerate corneal healing. Establishing the roles of these receptors may enable novel topical therapeutics for NK.Methods: We used commercially available Ntrk1 mutant mice, whose TrkA receptors are inhibited by a mammalian kinase inhibitor (1-NM-PP1)4. Ntrk1 mice (n=20) were divided into three groups, which received saline injection as a control. In one experimental group animals received TrkA inhibitor and the other group received both TrkA and p75 inhibitor for 5 days. On day six we removed the corneal epithelium with a 0.5 mm rotating brush. To measure epithelial healing, we performed digital imaging of fluorescein staining daily for four days after injury (Figure 1A). We then harvested the corneas for immunofluorescent and biochemical analyses.Results: We observed a significant delay in corneal epithelial healing following TrkA inhibition. Further, we observed that topical p75NTR inhibition accelerated corneal wound healing.Conclusion: A selective TrkA agonist or p75NTR inhibition could represent new topical therapeutics for NK.
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