Academic Productivity In Plastic Surgery : A Comparison Of Us And International Medical Graduates
Armin Edalatpour, MD, Michael L. Bentz, MD, Ahmed M. Afifi, MD.
University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, USA.
PURPOSE: International medical graduates (IMGs) make up almost 10% of plastic surgeons in the US, yet there is little information about IMGs' relative contributions to the academic plastic surgery. This study compares academic productivity and rank among IMG academic plastic surgeons and their US medical graduate (USMG) counterparts.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study of all IMG full-time academic plastic surgeons in the US was performed. Variables such as the h-index, I-index, total number of publications, total number of citations, and greatest number of citations for a single published work was gathered for each IMG academic plastic surgeon.
RESULTS: One-hundred and six full-time IMG academic surgeons met inclusion criteria. h-index, I-index, and total number of citations were found to be significantly higher in IMG faculty (p=0.002, p=0.05, p=0.021 respectively). Although total number of publications and greatest number of citations for one publication was higher for IMG faculty, we did not find this to be significant (56.6 ± 80.9 vs. 43.2 ± 66.6 and 144.1 ± 177.2 vs. 112.2 ± 276.9 respectively). Total of number of publications was higher post-residency training versus pre-residency in IMG faculty (47.4 ± 80.34 vs. 9.2 ± 13.9).
CONCLUSION: IMG academic plastic surgeons contribute significantly to the field of academic plastic surgery. They demonstrate higher h-index, I-index, and total number of citations compared to their USMG counterparts. They also continue to have high research productivity after graduating from a plastic surgery residency or fellowship program.
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